Anglesey has a rich and varied history, since the earliest settlers arrived around 7000BC. Incredibly, many signs of their inhabitation over the subsequent years can be seen today in the form of hill forts, burial mounds and standing stones. For thousands of years, human inhabitants of the island have benefited from the rich soil and, which led it to be Christened “Mon Mam Cymru”, which means “Mona the Mother of Wales” by Gerald of Wales in the 12th Century when the island of Anglesey was found to produce far more grain than any other part of Wales.
Anglesey, or Mona as it was known has historically been the homeland, or stronghold of the Druids. At the time of the Roman invasion of Britain, the Celtic tribes, and their Druids were gradually driven back to Anglesey before the Romanfinally invaded.
Romans on Anglesey
Almost 2 thousand years ago, you’d be able to stand outside your cottage and watch the Roman invasion of Anglesey, crossing the Straits from just outside Caernarfon, and landing on the seafront at the bottom of the lane to destroy the druid’s stronghold. They met with “a serried mass of arms and men, with women flitting between the ranks. In the style of Furies, in robes of deathly black and with dishevelled hair”
Anyone interested in Historical Fiction may enjoy Simon Scarrow’s book Britannia, telling of an earlier failed attempt by a Roman Legion to invade the island.
The Menai Bridges
Telford’s Menai Suspension Bridge provided more that just the first crossing of the Menai Straits, connecting Anglesey with the rest of Wales. It represented the final link in the route from London to Holyhead, connecting Ireland with the UK mainland.